FAQ individual pages

Aug 17, 2023

What is Mr. Kennedy's Border Policy?

Mr. Kennedy’s border policy will be founded on the following points: Ruthless criminal cartels have woven drugs, immigration, and human trafficking together into a multi-billion dollar business. Biden administration policy has greatly exacerbated the situation. The border is out of control. Immigration is being administered by the cartels, not our government. Just as a cell has a membrane, a country must have borders or it will disintegrate. Our policy will be first, to get the border under control. Second, to work with other countries to stem the tide of migrants. Third, to fully fund and prioritize the administrative infrastructure for lawful, orderly immigration to this country. In terms of practical policy, Mr. Kennedy will control the border with technology like motion sensors, cameras, lights, and ample well-trained personnel. Trying to cross the border by stealth will become a losing proposition.Secondly, many immigrants today simply walk over the border and claim asylum. There are 1.6 million immigrants living in the U.S. while they await their asylum hearing. Fewer than 15% will be approved. Mr. Kennedy will appoint hundreds more judges to deal with this backlog, and to ensure that newly arriving immigrants get a hearing before being admitted to the U.S. If claimants of political asylum knew their case would be heard swiftly, and that specious claims would be met with swift deportation, the cartels’ business model would fail.Third, he will work with the Mexican government to stem the flow of transit migration through Mexico. We have to cultivate a more positive relationship with Mexico and work closely with its people and government who desperately want to be free of the plague of cartel violence.Fourth, he will initiate a new kind of Good Neighbor policy. The U.S. will end its military adventurism and stop supporting despotic governments, juntas, coups, death squads, and repressive regimes that persecute and impoverish their own people. We will stop opposing governments that seek land reform, labor reform, and social welfare for their people.The Good Neighbor policy means cooperating with Mexico and Central American countries to improve economies and provide economic incentives to help build jobs and develop much-needed infrastructure and a better standard of living, so people will be motivated to stay in their home country and enjoy their natural culture and heritage. This development will reverse austerity measures and relieve crushing debts that create poverty and send millions fleeing north.Politicians in the past have appealed to xenophobia and bigotry in calling for a tough border policy. Mr. Kennedy’s call for a tough border comes from a different place. It comes from compassion and humanitarian conscience.Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

How does Mr. Kennedy justify his statement attributing the cause of AIDS to "a gay lifestyle" and the use of alkyl nitrites, or poppers, rather than acknowledging HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) as the primary cause?

Mr. Kennedy does not believe that alkyl nitrites – which are immunosuppressants –  are the sole cause of AIDS. However, the evidence is strong that they were a significant factor in the disease progression for the first AIDS victims of the early 1980s. He understands that most gay people have a lifestyle not so different from heterosexual people. For the specific subculture that used large amounts of drugs, he believes the lifestyle contributed to their susceptibility to AIDS.  “Amyl Nitrite and Kaposi’s Sarcoma in Homosexual Men” (1982). New England Journal of Medicine, 307(14), 893–894. doi:10.1056/nejm19820930307141 [66] “Use of 'Poppers' Linked To Kaposi's Sarcoma” (1985). Washington Post. [67] “New AIDS Research Stirs Concern Over ‘Poppers’” 1986. LA Times [68] “Research shows ‘poppers’ use is connected with infection among MSM” (2004). Relias Media [69] “Poppers use should be target for gay men's HIV prevention” 2007. AIDS Map [70] “Nitrate inhalants (poppers) associated with increased virus-associated cancer risk in HIV-uninfected MSM” 2017. Clinical Advisor [71] [66] https://sci-hub.ru/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6125888/[67] https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/wellness/1985/04/24/use-of-poppers-linked-to-kaposis-sarcoma/b93501d3-8ac0-4456-9c73-19c1a634be2c/[68] https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1986-03-30-mn-1630-story.html[69] https://www.reliasmedia.com/articles/6862-research-shows-8216-poppers-8217-use-is-connected-with-infection-among-msm[70] https://www.aidsmap.com/news/nov-2007/poppers-use-should-be-target-gay-mens-hiv-prevention[71] https://www.clinicaladvisor.com/home/topics/hiv-aids-information-center/nitrate-inhalants-poppers-associated-with-increased-virus-associated-cancer-risk-in-hiv-uninfected-msm/Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

Did Mr. Kennedy have a role in the measles outbreak in Samoa?

No. Firstly, MMR refusal across Samoa was well under way in 2017 when rates were at 67% for one-year-old children, and went into overdrive in July 2018 when two infants died within minutes of being administered the MMR vaccine, at which point the Samoan government paused the MMR program for nearly a year. [47][48] Mr. Kennedy did not travel to Samoa to attend the 57th Independence Celebrations until the summer of 2019, just a few months before the measles outbreak. Compounding matters for the worse, recent studies reveal that Samoan children are malnourished, which was a suspected contributing factor to the outbreak’s 1.45% case fatality rate. [49] Researchers found that Samoan children are deficient in calcium, potassium, and vitamins A and E. [50] Historically, mothers who acquired natural measles in childhood went on to confer excellent passive immunity to their babies, which protected those babies from measles infection until they were young adolescents. This is not the case for vaccinated mothers. The unforeseen consequence of vaccinating the globe for measles is that infants are no longer born with passive measles immunity, as immunity cannot be passed on by a vaccinated mother who lacks naturally-acquired antibodies. In 60 years of measles vaccination, infants under 12 months have shifted from being the most protected demographic to being the most at risk. This fact may also help to explain the very high mortality in Samoan infants. In addition, vaccination sites are often not sanitized against infectious disease, turning vaccine clinics into infection-spreading hot spots, rapidly accelerating infection rates. Jose Hagan, Immunization Specialist for the World Health Organization (WHO), suspected this paradoxical outcome was the case in Samoa. "This is a feature of almost every outbreak I've ever been a part of," he told The Guardian in December 2019. [51] Lastly, while the D8 measles strain was present in the outbreak, we do not know if D8 was the only strain, or if vaccine strain measles also played a role. [52] Regardless, according to pediatrician and vaccinologist Dr. Stanley Plotkin, the D8 strain is "not as well neutralized by antibodies to the vaccine genotype." [53] In other words, it was not unexpected that the D8 strain that was circulating in the fall of 2019 could cause an outbreak in even highly vaccinated populations because researchers already knew that the vaccine is not as effective against D8. While we may never have all of the information regarding the Samoa tragedy, here is a brief timeline of the weeks leading up to the 2019 measles outbreak:  On September 3, 2019, Samoa's Director of the Ministry of Health reported there was no measles outbreak on the island. The average incubation period for measles is 10-14 days. [55] Beginning Oct 1, 2019, vaccines were delivered to Samoa to begin the mass vaccination drive–vaccinating children with MMR for the first time since the government paused the program in 2018. [56] The measles outbreak was declared 15 days later, on Oct 16, 2019. [57] According to the first two Ministry of Health press releases, there were 8 confirmed measles cases in the first week. The first press release stated that of the 28 suspected cases, results for 12 were received, and of those 12, only 5 people were positive for measles. [58] A second set of 8 results revealed only 3 were positive for measles. [59] This is a negative rate for suspected measles cases of 58% and 63%, respectively. Subsequently, the Ministry of Health stopped reporting negative test results. While it is standard WHO protocol to administer high dose vitamin A to vulnerable populations during measles outbreaks, vitamin A supplementation didn’t arrive in Samoa until mid-November, when the outbreak was peaking. [60] The Samoan Ministry of Health never shared any specific information about the vaccination status of the people who tested positive for measles, so we do not have numbers for those who were twice-vaccinated, once-vaccinated, or never-vaccinated. While there were 601 measles cases in kids and teens aged 10-19, there were 724 cases in the 20-29 age group. [61] This surprising spread of infection through the adult community points to the likelihood that waning vaccine efficacy played a role in the outbreak. Many of those who were twice-vaccinated as infants and children experienced vaccine failure.[47] https://www.biointeractive.org/sites/default/files/media/file/2023-06/ModelVaccinationMeasles-StudentHO-act.pdf[48] https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/10/health/samoa-mmr-baby-deaths-intl/index.html[49] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37166449/[50] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29877157/[51] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/dec/18/these-babies-should-not-have-died-how-the-measles-outbreak-took-hold-in-samoa[52] https://reliefweb.int/report/samoa/national-measles-response-and-recovery-appeal-6-december-2019[53] https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/221/10/1571/5610905?login=false[54] https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/398066/no-measles-outbreak-in-samoa-says-health-chief[56] https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/unicef-delivers-over-260000-vaccines-and-medical-supplies-fight-measles-outbreaks[57] https://crisis24.garda.com/alerts/2019/10/samoa-nationwide-measles-epidemic-declared-october-16[58] https://reliefweb.int/report/samoa/ministry-health-press-release-1-measles-epidemic[59] https://reliefweb.int/report/samoa/ministry-health-press-release-2-measles-epidemic[60] https://www.samoaobserver.ws/category/samoa/52796[61] https://reliefweb.int/report/samoa/national-emergency-operation-centre-update-measles-outbreak-press-release-23-december-9Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

Is there evidence linking SSRI antidepressants to the epidemic of student shooters in the United States, as Mr. Kennedy suggested, placing blame on pharmaceutical companies?

Yes, Mr. Kennedy believes that there is enough evidence to merit further investigation into a link.  See the works of: Dr. Peter Breggin, MD [62] Dr. David Healy, MD [63] Dr. William J. Walsh, PhD [64] Dr. David Kirschner, PhD [65] [62] https://breggin.com/Dr-Peter-Breggins-Scientific-Papers[63] https://davidhealy.org/articles/[64] https://www.walshinstitute.org/researchstudies.html[65] https://web.archive.org/web/20141022124124/https://www.nationalpsychologist.com/2014/09/mass-shooters-received-only-limited-treatment/102638.htmlReturn to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

What is Mr. Kennedy’s position on abortion?

Mr. Kennedy is a firm supporter of the principles laid out 50 years ago in Roe v. Wade. For Constitutional and moral reasons, he believes the decision on whether to continue a pregnancy should be up to the mother.Roe v. Wade served this country well for 50 years. Mr. Kennedy supports the judicial principles behind it. If the courts do not overturn Dobbs v. Jackson and restore abortion rights, he will support legislation to accomplish the same. Body sovereignty must be protected.Mr. Kennedy says, “Abortion is a tragedy but I don’t trust the government to make these decisions for Americans. I’m for choice and medical freedom. We need to trust mothers to make the best decisions. We also need to give full support to mothers who want to bring babies to term.”This is a key part of Mr. Kennedy’s position. Abortion cannot be considered in isolation from support for mothers and families. His policies on universal free child care and economic relief for working families will make this country more hospitable to young families, and reduce the abortion rate. Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

What is Mr. Kennedy’s position on the Second Amendment?

Mr. Kennedy believes in the Constitution, including the Second Amendment. He will not try to take away people’s guns. Furthermore, thanks to his decades of environmental work with the “Rod & Gun” folks, he understands how deeply integrated guns are in American culture, especially in rural areas. It is madness to try to take away the guns.However, the issue is not black-and-white. In the 18th century, the most powerful military weapon was a sailing ship equipped with cannon. Private citizens could and did own such vessels. Today, though, few of even the most fervent Second Amendment advocates think private citizens should be allowed to own thermonuclear bombs, weaponized anthrax, and so forth. That means the right to keep and bear arms is not black and white. Where do we draw the line? Should private citizens be allowed to buy predator drones? Tanks? Cruise missiles? The two sides of this issue actually share a hidden agreement – that some kind of limitation of the right to bear arms is appropriate. They just differ on what that is.Therefore, Mr. Kennedy believes it is up to Congress to decide where to draw the line. If the American people, through their representatives in Congress, decide to draw the line at assault weapons, he will sign that legislation. The courts will then decide whether the law is Constitutional. Mr. Kennedy will appoint justices who respect the Constitution, including the Second Amendment. Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

Will Mr. Kennedy pardon Former President Donald Trump if elected President?

Mr. Kennedy is opposed to politicizing and weaponizing the Justice Department to persecute political opponents. If Former President Donald Trump is convicted, as President, Mr. Kennedy would base his decision about a pardon on whether the prosecution and conviction violated Mr. Trump’s rights or the principles of justice. Mr. Kennedy doesn’t think the answer to a politically-motivated prosecution is a politically-motivated pardon. Any such investigation and decision would be sourced from the principles of justice and fairness.Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

What is Mr. Kennedy’s opinion on 5G? Does he think it can be used for mind control? Does he think it is a totalitarian tool? Does he think it is unsafe?

No, Mr. Kennedy does not think, and has never said that 5G can be used for mind control. As people begin to rely increasingly more on network-connected devices, known as the Internet of Things (IOT), our comfort, communication, security, and the functionality of our entire households hinge on internet performance. Any network that drastically increases data transfer speeds becomes critical to the success of the IOT, and such reliability drives people’s reliance on and conversion to living enmeshed with the IOT. As we saw with the Taliban in 2021, authoritarian-ordered internet outages have the power to bring life to a grinding halt, as they have been used to isolate protestors, quash dissent, and exert influence over citizens. Having society fully dependent on any network, and on the IOT, is a vulnerable position to be in.  As it pertains to 5G, Mr. Kennedy has always advocated for the FCC to review its outdated, 25-year-old health and safety guidelines before unilaterally applying them to 5G technology without investigation. On Aug. 13, 2021 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit ruled in favor of Children’s Health Defense (CHD) in its landmark case against the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) challenging the FCC’s decision not to review its health and safety guidelines regarding 5G and wireless technology. [43] The court’s decision states that the FCC failed to provide a reasoned explanation for its determination that its current guidelines adequately protect against harmful effects of exposure to radiofrequency radiation and failed to review the extensive evidence— scientific evidence and evidence of existing sickness — that was filed with the FCC. The Joint Appendix of Mr. Kennedy’s brief includes references to thousands of peer-reviewed scientific studies showing DNA damage, reproductive harm, neurological effects such as ADHD, and radiation sickness, which seems to be the most widespread manifestation of wireless harms. [44] The evidence shows effects on the brain, including impaired blood flow and damage to the blood-brain barrier, cognitive and memory problems and effects on sleep, melatonin production and mitochondrial damage. Causal mechanism of harm was also established. Oxidative Stress, a mechanism of harm that can lead to cancer, non-cancer conditions and DNA damage, was found in 203 out of 225 studies. Additionally, there are numerous studies giving cause for concern about the safety of all EMF. Here are a few.  A. “Mobile phone use and glioma risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis” Conclusion: There was a significant positive association between long-term mobile phone use (minimum, 10 years) and glioma. And there was a significant positive association between long-term ipsilateral (same side of the body) mobile phone use and the risk of glioma. Long-term mobile phone use was associated with 2.22 times greater odds of low-grade glioma occurrence. [45] B. “Effects of electromagnetic fields exposure on the antioxidant defense system” Summary: Low frequency (0–300 Hz) and RF (10 MHz–300 GHz) EMF has also been reported to alter the permeability of the blood–brain barrier [61,62,63]. At the same time, these changes in the blood-brain barrier may lead to excess accumulation of heavy metals and specifically of iron in the brain. This effect may trigger several neuronal disorders [64,65]. [46] Studies referenced in the footnotes above: [61] Grigor’ev IuG. The electromagnetic fields of cellular phones and the health of children and of teenagers (the situation requiring to take an urgent measure) Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2005 [62] Oscar KJ, Hawkins TD. Microwave alteration of the blood-brain barrier system of rats. Brain Res. 1977 [63] Nittby H, Grafstrom G, Eberhardt JL, Malmgren L, Brun A, Persson BR, et al. Radiofrequency and extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field effects on the blood-brain barrier. Electromagn Biol Med. 2008 [64] Castelnau PA, Garrett RS, Palinski W, Witztum JL, Campbell IL, Powell HC. Abnormal iron deposition associated with lipid peroxidation in transgenic mice expressing interleukin-6 in the brain. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1998 [65] Thompson KJ, Shoham S, Connor JR. Iron and neurodegenerative disorders. Brain Res Bull. 2001 [43] https://childrenshealthdefense.org/wp-content/uploads/chd-v-fcc-we-won-decision.pdf[44] https://childrenshealthdefense.org/wp-content/uploads/Corrected-Brief-and-Hyperlinks-Table-Postable-pdf-A1.pdf[45] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5417432/[46] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6025786/Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

What evidence does Mr. Kennedy have to support the claim that vaccines cause autism?

Mr. Kennedy does not believe that vaccines are the sole cause of autism. He believes they are a contributing factor. Dr. Leo Kanner’s 1943 study of children born between 1931 and 1938, all of whom were born to educated and affluent parents, many of which were MDs, described the new discovery of the disorder known as autism today. [10] As tempting as it is to use the age of autism to vindicate vaccination as autism’s culprit, we must not ignore the fact that the inaugural diphtheria toxoid vaccine was newly licensed in 1932, marking the first time aluminum was used in human vaccines–and this was done in combination with mercury, which was still considered to be a miracle drug at the time. [11] The rapid rise of autism coincided with the expansion of the vaccine schedule from 24 doses of 7 vaccines throughout childhood up until 1986 to 62 doses of 13 vaccines in 2002. [12][13][14] CDC currently recommends over 70 doses of 17 vaccines. [15] While the phasing out of thimerosal mercury from routine infant vaccines began in August 1999, the Public Health Service delayed its goal for mercury-free vaccines until the end of first quarter 2001. [16] Existing vaccines were not ordered to be destroyed — they were allowed to be injected into infants until their shelf life expired, which was anywhere from one to three years after March 2001. Despite its alleged harmlessness, thimerosal has been recognized as a Proposition 65 reproductive toxicant in the state of California since 1990, and its material safety data sheet advises against its use during pregnancy; the “Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans” section reads, “May cause adverse reproductive effects and developmental defects.… May affect genetic material.” [17][18] In July 2001, the National Academies of Science/Institute of Medicine reviewed the safety of thimerosal in vaccines. [19] The committee recommended that “full consideration be given by appropriate professional societies and government agencies to removing thimerosal from vaccines administered to infants, children, or pregnant women in the United States.” CDC failed to act on that recommendation despite the fact that they were the ones who convened the IOM’s review of thimerosal. Furthermore, in the fall of 2002, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) put the influenza vaccine on the childhood vaccination schedule. [20] Almost all 2002 flu vaccines included bolus doses of mercury, yet regulators continue to deceptively claim that mercury was removed from vaccines on the childhood schedule in the early 2000s. ACIP had already recommended that pregnant women take a flu shot beginning in early 2001, which began the nation’s first push to vaccinate every pregnant woman in America with influenza vaccines loaded with mercury. [21] Just as routine infant vaccination mercury exposure began its steep decline from 2001 to 2004, ACIP managed to overlap the on-ramp of prenatal and infant flu shot mercury exposure, which meant children continued to suffer mercury exposures comparable to those received by children prior to removal from the other childhood vaccines. This action concealed the beneficial impacts of mercury’s removal from routine infant vaccines, and allowed vaccine promoters to claim there was no association between autism rates and mercury removal. For the most recent 2022–2023 flu season, 22 years after mercury was “removed” from childhood vaccines, FDA is still allowing children to be injected with 25 micrograms of mercury per half ml dose in three of the five pediatric-approved flu vaccines, which are still sold in multi-dose vials. [22] Furthermore, autism is not the only issue of concern when it comes to the childhood vaccine schedule. Developmental disorders, autoimmune diseases, allergies, and other conditions are also associated with vaccination. CDC refuses to perform a study comparing the outcomes of fully vaccinated children to children who have never received any vaccines. However, parents have funded numerous such studies: "Hepatitis B vaccination of male neonates and autism diagnosis, NHIS 1997-2002" Conclusion: “Boys vaccinated as neonates had threefold greater odds for autism diagnosis compared to boys never vaccinated or vaccinated after the first month of life." [23] “Pilot Comparative Study on the Health of Vaccinated and Unvaccinated 6- to 12-Year-Old U.S. Children” Conclusion: "The vaccinated were less likely than the unvaccinated to have been diagnosed with chickenpox and pertussis, but more likely to have been diagnosed with pneumonia, otitis media, allergies and NDD [neurodevelopmental disorders]. After adjustment, vaccination, male gender, and preterm birth remained significantly associated with NDD." [24] “Preterm Birth, Vaccination and Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study of 6- to 12-Year-Old Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Children.” Conclusion: "Preterm birth coupled with vaccination, however, was associated with a synergistic increase in the odds of NDD, suggesting the possibility that vaccination could precipitate adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. These results provide clues to the epidemiology and causation of NDD but question the safety of current vaccination programs for preterm infants." [25] "Analysis of health outcomes in vaccinated and unvaccinated children: Developmental delays, asthma, ear infections and gastrointestinal disorders" Conclusion: "Vaccination before 1 year of age was associated with increased odds of developmental delays.” [26] All scientific studies claiming to disprove the link between vaccination and autism are deeply flawed. Children are deemed "unvaccinated" when they are simply unvaccinated for one vaccine but received all others, and they are compared to fully vaccinated children with, not surprisingly, very similar outcomes. [27] In one CDC study, the children harmed by vaccination were eliminated from the study group with an arbitrary requirement that was not part of the initial study protocol: requiring a birth certificate from their mothers, who were inner-city and low income, and who did not have the document. [28] Only one vaccine (MMR) and one ingredient (thimerosal mercury) have ever been looked at for their roles in causing autism, and those studies have been annihilated. [29]  One hypothesis for the mechanisms and pathways by which vaccines may induce autism involves inflammation, aluminum, and the cytokine protein IL-6. It goes as follows:  If a pregnant mother gets sick, whether her immune system is activated by a viral or bacterial infection  that activation can impact the neurodevelopment.See: "Pregnancy, Immunity, Schizophrenia and Autism" [30] This immune activation leads to a cytokine storm, specifically releasing interleukin-6. See: "Maternal immune activation alters fetal brain development through interleukin-6" [31] Aluminum is a primary trigger for immune activation, causing inflammation in a baby's brain during a critical time of development. See: "Aluminum Adjuvant Linked to Gulf War Illness Induces Motor Neuron Death in Mice" [32] Aluminum can increase IL-6 in the brain. See: "Neuroprotective Effect of Nanodiamond in Alzheimer’s Disease Rat Model: a Pivotal Role for Modulating NF-κB and STAT3 Signaling" [33] Specifically, Hepatitis B vaccine induces IL-6 in postnatal rats. "Neonatal vaccination with bacillus Calmette-Guérin and hepatitis B vaccines modulates hippocampal synaptic plasticity in rats” [34] [10] https://autismtruths.org/pdf/Autistic%20Disturbances%20of%20Affective%20Contact%20-%20Leo%20Kanner.pdfaffective-contact-1943-leo-kanner[11] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4494348/[12] https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6004a9.htm#tab1[13] https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/images/schedule1983s.jpg[14] https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2002/0101/p127.html[15] https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/imz/child-adolescent.html[16] https://web.archive.org/web/20001101092343/https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm4927a5.html[17] https://childrenshealthdefense.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/California_EPA_response_to_Bayer_Proposition65_California.pdf[18] https://childrenshealthdefense.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Thimerosal_MSDS_Spectrum.pdf[19] https://web.archive.org/web/20011230013221/https://www.vaccinesafety.edu/IOM-thimerosal-10-01-01.htm[20] https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2003/0101/p188.html[21] https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5004a1.html[22] https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/rr/rr7101a1.htm#T1_down[23] https://sci-hub.ru/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21058170[24] https://www.oatext.com/Pilot-comparative-study-on-the-health-of-vaccinated-and-unvaccinated-6-to-12-year-old-U-S-children.php[25] https://oatext.com/Preterm-birth-vaccination-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-of-6-to-12-year-old-vaccinated-and-unvaccinated-children.php[26] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268563/[27] https://petermcculloughmd.substack.com/p/beware-of-studies-concluding-autism[28] https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/autism/cdc2004pediatrics.html[29] https://14studies.com/studies_thimerosal.html[30] https://calteches.library.caltech.edu/697/2/Pregnancy.pdf[31] https://sci-hub.ru/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17913903/[32] https://sci-hub.ru/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17114826/[33] https://sci-hub.ru/https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26897372/[34] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26531688/Return to FAQs

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Aug 15, 2023

Has Mr. Kennedy claimed that transgenderism is caused by atrazine?

Mr. Kennedy believes the link between atrazine is speculative, but concerning and worth further research.Numerous reputable scientific studies have explored the consequences of atrazine exposure on African clawed frogs and other vertebrates. While frogs are especially susceptible to atrazine and other endocrine-disrupting chemicals, their mechanisms of action are not exclusive to frogs.A. "Atrazine induces complete feminization and chemical castration in male African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis)" - Published in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, this study uncovers startling findings. It reveals that atrazine exposure results in the demasculinization and complete feminization of male frogs. Intriguingly, some male frogs even transition into functional females capable of mating and producing viable eggs. These outcomes demonstrate the profound impact of atrazine on the reproductive and sexual development of these amphibians. [35]B. "Demasculinization and feminization of male gonads by atrazine: Consistent effects across vertebrate classes" - The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology presents this study, which establishes the consistent impact of atrazine across various vertebrate classes. The research highlights the herbicide's ability to demasculinize male gonads and induce partial or complete feminization in fish, amphibians, and reptiles. These findings underscore the significant and specific effects of atrazine on sexual development in diverse species. [36]C. "Hermaphroditic, demasculinized frogs after exposure to the herbicide atrazine at low ecologically relevant doses" - The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences contributes to this study, which proposes a potential mechanism underlying the observed effects of atrazine. The research suggests that atrazine disrupts steroidogenesis, leading to decreased androgens and increased estrogen synthesis and secretion. Consequently, this disruption results in the loss of masculine features and the induction of ovaries. The study's findings have broad implications for understanding the impact of atrazine on sexual development in frogs and potentially other organisms. [37]For those concerned that it is erroneous to compare humans to amphibians, the physiological pathways by which these chemicals operate are by no means limited to frogs. Here are some non-frog studies that merit concern:D. Christiansen S, Scholze M, Axelstad M, Boberg J, Kortenkamp A, Hass U (2008). “Combined exposure to anti-androgens causes markedly increased frequencies of hypospadias in the rat,” Int J Androl. 31(2):241-248. [38]E. Crofton KM, Craft ES, Hedge JM, Gennings C, Simmons JE, Carchman RA, Carter WH Jr, DeVito MJ (2005). “Thyroid-hormone-disrupting chemicals: evidence for dose-dependent additivity or synergism,” Environ Health Perspect. 113(11):1549-54. [39]F. Hotchkiss AK, Parks-Saldutti LG, Ostby JS, Lambright C, Furr J, Vandenbergh JG, Gray LE Jr.Biol Reprod. (2004) “A mixture of the ‘antiandrogens’ linuron and butyl benzyl phthalate alters sexual differentiation of the male rat in a cumulative fashion,” Biol Reprod. Dec;71(6):1852-61. [40]G. Kortenkamp A (2007). “Ten years of mixing cocktails: a review of combination effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals,” Environ Health Perspect. 115 Suppl 1:98-105. [41]H. Rajapakse N, Silva E, Kortenkamp A. (2002) “Combining xenoestrogens at levels below individual no-observed-effect concentrations dramatically enhances steroid hormone action,” Environ Health Perspect. Sep;110(9):917- 21 [42] [35] https://www.pnas.org/doi/abs/10.1073/pnas.0909519107[36] https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0960076011000665[37] https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.082121499[38] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240992/[39] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1310917/[40] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15286035/[41] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2174407/[42] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240992/Return to FAQs

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